All Publications

  1. Duong P, Chung A, Bouchareychas L, Raffai RL. Cushioned-Density Gradient Ultracentrifugation (C-DGUC) improves the isolation efficiency of extracellular vesicles. PLoS One. 2019; 14(4):e0215324. View in PubMed
  2. Adeosun SO, Hou X, Shi L, Stockmeier CA, Zheng B, Raffai RL, Weisgraber KH, Mosley TH, Wang JM. Female mice with apolipoprotein E4 domain interaction demonstrated impairments in spatial learning and memory performance and disruption of hippocampal cyto-architecture. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2019 05; 161:106-114. View in PubMed
  3. Srinivasan S, Yeri A, Cheah PS, Chung A, Danielson K, De Hoff P, Filant J, Laurent CD, Laurent LD, Magee R, Moeller C, Murthy VL, Nejad P, Paul A, Rigoutsos I, Rodosthenous R, Shah RV, Simonson B, To C, Wong D, Yan IK, Zhang X, Balaj L, Breakefield XO, Daaboul G, Gandhi R, Lapidus J, Londin E, Patel T, Raffai RL, Sood AK, Alexander RP, Das S, Laurent LC. Small RNA Sequencing across Diverse Biofluids Identifies Optimal Methods for exRNA Isolation. Cell. 2019 Apr 04; 177(2):446-462.e16. View in PubMed
  4. Das S, Ansel KM, Bitzer M, Breakefield XO, Charest A, Galas DJ, Gerstein MB, Gupta M, Milosavljevic A, McManus MT, Patel T, Raffai RL, Rozowsky J, Roth ME, Saugstad JA, Van Keuren-Jensen K, Weaver AM, Laurent LC. The Extracellular RNA Communication Consortium: Establishing Foundational Knowledge and Technologies for Extracellular RNA Research. Cell. 2019 Apr 04; 177(2):231-242. View in PubMed
  5. Murillo OD, Thistlethwaite W, Rozowsky J, Subramanian SL, Lucero R, Shah N, Jackson AR, Srinivasan S, Chung A, Laurent CD, Kitchen RR, Galeev T, Warrell J, Diao JA, Welsh JA, Hanspers K, Riutta A, Burgstaller-Muehlbacher S, Shah RV, Yeri A, Jenkins LM, Ahsen ME, Cordon-Cardo C, Dogra N, Gifford SM, Smith JT, Stolovitzky G, Tewari AK, Wunsch BH, Yadav KK, Danielson KM, Filant J, Moeller C, Nejad P, Paul A, Simonson B, Wong DK, Zhang X, Balaj L, Gandhi R, Sood AK, Alexander RP, Wang L, Wu C, Wong DTW, Galas DJ, Van Keuren-Jensen K, Patel T, Jones JC, Das S, Cheung KH, Pico AR, Su AI, Raffai RL, Laurent LC, Roth ME, Gerstein MB, Milosavljevic A. exRNA Atlas Analysis Reveals Distinct Extracellular RNA Cargo Types and Their Carriers Present across Human Biofluids. Cell. 2019 Apr 04; 177(2):463-477.e15. View in PubMed
  6. Théry C, Witwer KW, Aikawa E, Alcaraz MJ, Anderson JD, Andriantsitohaina R, Antoniou A, Arab T, Archer F, Atkin-Smith GK, Ayre DC, Bach JM, Bachurski D, Baharvand H, Balaj L, Baldacchino S, Bauer NN, Baxter AA, Bebawy M, Beckham C, Bedina Zavec A, Benmoussa A, Berardi AC, Bergese P, Bielska E, Blenkiron C, Bobis-Wozowicz S, Boilard E, Boireau W, Bongiovanni A, Borràs FE, Bosch S, Boulanger CM, Breakefield X, Breglio AM, Brennan MÁ, Brigstock DR, Brisson A, Broekman ML, Bromberg JF, Bryl-Górecka P, Buch S, Buck AH, Burger D, Busatto S, Buschmann D, Bussolati B, Buzás EI, Byrd JB, Camussi G, Carter DR, Caruso S, Chamley LW, Chang YT, Chen C, Chen S, Cheng L, Chin AR, Clayton A, Clerici SP, Cocks A, Cocucci E, Coffey RJ, Cordeiro-da-Silva A, Couch Y, Coumans FA, Coyle B, Crescitelli R, Criado MF, D'Souza-Schorey C, Das S, Datta Chaudhuri A, de Candia P, De Santana EF, De Wever O, Del Portillo HA, Demaret T, Deville S, Devitt A, Dhondt B, Di Vizio D, Dieterich LC, Dolo V, Dominguez Rubio AP, Dominici M, Dourado MR, Driedonks TA, Duarte FV, Duncan HM, Eichenberger RM, Ekström K, El Andaloussi S, Elie-Caille C, Erdbrügger U, Falcón-Pérez JM, Fatima F, Fish JE, Flores-Bellver M, Försönits A, Frelet-Barrand A, Fricke F, Fuhrmann G, Gabrielsson S, Gámez-Valero A, Gardiner C, Gärtner K, Gaudin R, Gho YS, Giebel B, Gilbert C, Gimona M, Giusti I, Goberdhan DC, Görgens A, Gorski SM, Greening DW, Gross JC, Gualerzi A, Gupta GN, Gustafson D, Handberg A, Haraszti RA, Harrison P, Hegyesi H, Hendrix A, Hill AF, Hochberg FH, Hoffmann KF, Holder B, Holthofer H, Hosseinkhani B, Hu G, Huang Y, Huber V, Hunt S, Ibrahim AG, Ikezu T, Inal JM, Isin M, Ivanova A, Jackson HK, Jacobsen S, Jay SM, Jayachandran M, Jenster G, Jiang L, Johnson SM, Jones JC, Jong A, Jovanovic-Talisman T, Jung S, Kalluri R, Kano SI, Kaur S, Kawamura Y, Keller ET, Khamari D, Khomyakova E, Khvorova A, Kierulf P, Kim KP, Kislinger T, Klingeborn M, Klinke DJ, Kornek M, Kosanovic MM, Kovács ÁF, Krämer-Albers EM, Krasemann S, Krause M, Kurochkin IV, Kusuma GD, Kuypers S, Laitinen S, Langevin SM, Languino LR, Lannigan J, Lässer C, Laurent LC, Lavieu G, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Le Lay S, Lee MS, Lee YXF, Lemos DS, Lenassi M, Leszczynska A, Li IT, Liao K, Libregts SF, Ligeti E, Lim R, Lim SK, Line A, Linnemannstöns K, Llorente A, Lombard CA, Lorenowicz MJ, Lörincz ÁM, Lötvall J, Lovett J, Lowry MC, Loyer X, Lu Q, Lukomska B, Lunavat TR, Maas SL, Malhi H, Marcilla A, Mariani J, Mariscal J, Martens-Uzunova ES, Martin-Jaular L, Martinez MC, Martins VR, Mathieu M, Mathivanan S, Maugeri M, McGinnis LK, McVey MJ, Meckes DG, Meehan KL, Mertens I, Minciacchi VR, Möller A, Møller Jørgensen M, Morales-Kastresana A, Morhayim J, Mullier F, Muraca M, Musante L, Mussack V, Muth DC, Myburgh KH, Najrana T, Nawaz M, Nazarenko I, Nejsum P, Neri C, Neri T, Nieuwland R, Nimrichter L, Nolan JP, Nolte-'t Hoen EN, Noren Hooten N, O'Driscoll L, O'Grady T, O'Loghlen A, Ochiya T, Olivier M, Ortiz A, Ortiz LA, Osteikoetxea X, Østergaard O, Ostrowski M, Park J, Pegtel DM, Peinado H, Perut F, Pfaffl MW, Phinney DG, Pieters BC, Pink RC, Pisetsky DS, Pogge von Strandmann E, Polakovicova I, Poon IK, Powell BH, Prada I, Pulliam L, Quesenberry P, Radeghieri A, Raffai RL, Raimondo S, Rak J, Ramirez MI, Raposo G, Rayyan MS, Regev-Rudzki N, Ricklefs FL, Robbins PD, Roberts DD, Rodrigues SC, Rohde E, Rome S, Rouschop KM, Rughetti A, Russell AE, Saá P, Sahoo S, Salas-Huenuleo E, Sánchez C, Saugstad JA, Saul MJ, Schiffelers RM, Schneider R, Schøyen TH, Scott A, Shahaj E, Sharma S, Shatnyeva O, Shekari F, Shelke GV, Shetty AK, Shiba K, Siljander PR, Silva AM, Skowronek A, Snyder OL, Soares RP, Sódar BW, Soekmadji C, Sotillo J, Stahl PD, Stoorvogel W, Stott SL, Strasser EF, Swift S, Tahara H, Tewari M, Timms K, Tiwari S, Tixeira R, Tkach M, Toh WS, Tomasini R, Torrecilhas AC, Tosar JP, Toxavidis V, Urbanelli L, Vader P, van Balkom BW, van der Grein SG, Van Deun J, van Herwijnen MJ, Van Keuren-Jensen K, van Niel G, et al. Minimal information for studies of extracellular vesicles 2018 (MISEV2018): a position statement of the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles and update of the MISEV2014 guidelines. J Extracell Vesicles. 2018; 7(1):1535750. View in PubMed
  7. Raffai RL. MicroRNA-146a & hematopoiesis: friend or foe in atherosclerosis. Noncoding RNA Investig. 2018 Jul; 2. View in PubMed
  8. Bouchareychas L, Raffai RL. Apolipoprotein E and Atherosclerosis: From Lipoprotein Metabolism to MicroRNA Control of Inflammation. J Cardiovasc Dev Dis. 2018 May 23; 5(2). View in PubMed
  9. Laura Bouchareychas, Allen Chung, David K Wong, Phat Duong, Robert L Raffai. Abstract 184: Hyperglycemia Enhances Pro-inflammatory Properties of Macrophage-derived Exosomes to Drive Hematopoiesis in Apolipoprotein E-deficient Mouse. . 2018 May 1; 38(Suppl_1). View in PubMed
  10. Thomas A Sorrentino, Phat Duong, Laura Bouchareychas, Brian E Sansbury, Pete Mitchell, Mian Chen, Allen Chung, Melinda S Schaller, Matthew Spite, Robert L Raffai, Michael S Conte. Abstract 262: Circulating Exosomes from PAD Patients Modulate Vascular Repair and Inflammation. . 2018 May 1; 38(Suppl_1). View in PubMed
  11. Laura Bouchareychas, Ryo Yamamoto, Fu Sang Luk, Roy Y Kim, David Wong, Jonathan Villeneuva, Phat Duong, Allen Chung, Hiromitsu Nakauchi, Robert Raffai. Abstract 408: ApoE Regulation of Hematopoiesis Suppresses Atherosclerosis by Reducing Adaptive Immunity in Hyperlipidemic Mice. . 2018 May 1; 38(Suppl_1). View in PubMed
  12. Phat Duong, Allen Chung, David K Wong, Kang Li, King Y Hong, Laura Bouchareychas, Robert L Raffai. Abstract 443: Cushioned-Density Gradient Ultracentrifugation (C-DGUC) Improves the Isolation Efficiency of Exosomes for their use in Atherosclerosis Research. . 2018 May 1; 38(Suppl_1). View in PubMed
  13. Laura Bouchareychas, Allen Chung, David K Wong, Phat Duong, Robert L Raffai. Abstract 184: Hyperglycemia Enhances Pro-inflammatory Properties of Macrophage-derived Exosomes to Drive Hematopoiesis in Apolipoprotein E-deficient Mouse. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology. 2018 May 1; 38(Suppl_1). View in PubMed
  14. Thomas A Sorrentino, Phat Duong, Laura Bouchareychas, Brian E Sansbury, Pete Mitchell, Mian Chen, Allen Chung, Melinda S Schaller, Matthew Spite, Robert L Raffai, Michael S Conte. Abstract 262: Circulating Exosomes from PAD Patients Modulate Vascular Repair and Inflammation. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology. 2018 May 1; 38(Suppl_1). View in PubMed
  15. Laura Bouchareychas, Ryo Yamamoto, Fu Sang Luk, Roy Y Kim, David Wong, Jonathan Villeneuva, Phat Duong, Allen Chung, Hiromitsu Nakauchi, Robert Raffai. Abstract 408: ApoE Regulation of Hematopoiesis Suppresses Atherosclerosis by Reducing Adaptive Immunity in Hyperlipidemic Mice. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology. 2018 May 1; 38(Suppl_1). View in PubMed
  16. Phat Duong, Allen Chung, David K Wong, Kang Li, King Y Hong, Laura Bouchareychas, Robert L Raffai. Abstract 443: Cushioned-Density Gradient Ultracentrifugation (C-DGUC) Improves the Isolation Efficiency of Exosomes for their use in Atherosclerosis Research. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology. 2018 May 1; 38(Suppl_1). View in PubMed
  17. Li K, Rodosthenous RS, Kashanchi F, Gingeras T, Gould SJ, Kuo LS, Kurre P, Lee H, Leonard JN, Liu H, Lombo TB, Momma S, Nolan JP, Ochocinska MJ, Pegtel DM, Sadovsky Y, Sánchez-Madrid F, Valdes KM, Vickers KC, Weaver AM, Witwer KW, Zeng Y, Das S, Raffai RL, Howcroft TK. Advances, challenges, and opportunities in extracellular RNA biology: insights from the NIH exRNA Strategic Workshop. JCI Insight. 2018 04 05; 3(7). View in PubMed
  18. Li K, Wong DK, Hong KY, Raffai RL. Cushioned-Density Gradient Ultracentrifugation (C-DGUC): A Refined and High Performance Method for the Isolation, Characterization, and Use of Exosomes. Methods Mol Biol. 2018; 1740:69-83. View in PubMed
  19. Li K, Wong DK, Luk FS, Kim RY, Raffai RL. Isolation of Plasma Lipoproteins as a Source of Extracellular RNA. Methods Mol Biol. 2018; 1740:139-153. View in PubMed
  20. Raffai R, Li K, Wong D, Hong J. Therapeutic control of systemic inflammation & atherosclerosis with ApoE-polarized macrophage exosomes. Atherosclerosis. 2017 Aug; 263:e5-e6. View in PubMed
  21. Robert Raffai, Kang Li, David Wong, Justin Hong. Therapeutic control of systemic inflammation & atherosclerosis with ApoE-polarized macrophage exosomes. . 2017 Aug 1; 263:e5-e6. View in PubMed
  22. Robert Raffai, Kang Li, David Wong, Justin Hong. Therapeutic control of systemic inflammation & atherosclerosis with ApoE-polarized macrophage exosomes. Atherosclerosis. 2017 Aug 1; 263:e5-e6. View in PubMed
  23. Baligand C, Qin H, True-Yasaki A, Gordon JW, von Morze C, Santos JD, Wilson DM, Raffai R, Cowley PM, Baker AJ, Kurhanewicz J, Lovett DH, Wang ZJ. Hyperpolarized 13 C magnetic resonance evaluation of renal ischemia reperfusion injury in a murine model. NMR Biomed. 2017 Oct; 30(10). View in PubMed
  24. Ceron CS, Baligand C, Joshi S, Wanga S, Cowley PM, Walker JP, Song SH, Mahimkar R, Baker AJ, Raffai RL, Wang ZJ, Lovett DH. An intracellular matrix metalloproteinase-2 isoform induces tubular regulated necrosis: implications for acute kidney injury. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2017 06 01; 312(6):F1166-F1183. View in PubMed
  25. Cheung KH, Keerthikumar S, Roncaglia P, Subramanian SL, Roth ME, Samuel M, Anand S, Gangoda L, Gould S, Alexander R, Galas D, Gerstein MB, Hill AF, Kitchen RR, Lötvall J, Patel T, Procaccini DC, Quesenberry P, Rozowsky J, Raffai RL, Shypitsyna A, Su AI, Théry C, Vickers K, Wauben MH, Mathivanan S, Milosavljevic A, Laurent LC. Extending gene ontology in the context of extracellular RNA and vesicle communication. J Biomed Semantics. 2016; 7:19. View in PubMed
  26. Tie G, Yan J, Messina JA, Raffai RL, Messina LM. Inhibition of p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Enhances the Apoptosis Induced by Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein in Endothelial Progenitor Cells. J Vasc Res. 2015; 52(6):361-71. View in PubMed
  27. Luk FS, Kim RY, Li K, Ching D, Wong DK, Joshi SK, Imhof I, Honbo N, Hoover H, Zhu BQ, Lovett DH, Karliner JS, Raffai RL. Immunosuppression With FTY720 Reverses Cardiac Dysfunction in Hypomorphic ApoE Mice Deficient in SR-BI Expression That Survive Myocardial Infarction Caused by Coronary Atherosclerosis. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2016 Jan; 67(1):47-56. View in PubMed
  28. Patton JG, Franklin JL, Weaver AM, Vickers K, Zhang B, Coffey RJ, Ansel KM, Blelloch R, Goga A, Huang B, L'Etoille N, Raffai RL, Lai CP, Krichevsky AM, Mateescu B, Greiner VJ, Hunter C, Voinnet O, McManus MT. Biogenesis, delivery, and function of extracellular RNA. J Extracell Vesicles. 2015; 4:27494. View in PubMed
  29. Laurent LC, Abdel-Mageed AB, Adelson PD, Arango J, Balaj L, Breakefield X, Carlson E, Carter BS, Majem B, Chen CC, Cocucci E, Danielson K, Courtright A, Das S, Abd Elmageed ZY, Enderle D, Ezrin A, Ferrer M, Freedman J, Galas D, Gandhi R, Huentelman MJ, Van Keuren-Jensen K, Kalani Y, Kim Y, Krichevsky AM, Lai C, Lal-Nag M, Laurent CD, Leonardo T, Li F, Malenica I, Mondal D, Nejad P, Patel T, Raffai RL, Rubio R, Skog J, Spetzler R, Sun J, Tanriverdi K, Vickers K, Wang L, Wang Y, Wei Z, Weiner HL, Wong D, Yan IK, Yeri A, Gould S. Meeting report: discussions and preliminary findings on extracellular RNA measurement methods from laboratories in the NIH Extracellular RNA Communication Consortium. J Extracell Vesicles. 2015; 4:26533. View in PubMed
  30. Samuel O. Adeosun, Xu Hou, Xueying Zhao, Craig Stockmeier, Tom Mosley, Baoying Zheng, Robert Raffai, Qinli Zhang, Karl H. Weisgraber, Jun Ming Wang. Apolipoprotein e e4 domain interaction in size of hippocampal subregions, density of newborn neurons, and cognitive behaviors. . 2015 Jul 1; 11(7):p491-p492. View in PubMed
  31. Samuel O. Adeosun, Xu Hou, Xueying Zhao, Craig Stockmeier, Tom Mosley, Baoying Zheng, Robert Raffai, Qinli Zhang, Karl H. Weisgraber, Jun Ming Wang. Apolipoprotein e e4 domain interaction in size of hippocampal subregions, density of newborn neurons, and cognitive behaviors. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2015 Jul 1; 11(7):p491-p492. View in PubMed
  32. Li K, Ching D, Luk FS, Raffai RL. Apolipoprotein E enhances microRNA-146a in monocytes and macrophages to suppress nuclear factor-?B-driven inflammation and atherosclerosis. Circ Res. 2015 Jun 19; 117(1):e1-e11. View in PubMed
  33. Robert L. Raffai. Apolipoprotein E and Atherosclerosis: Beyond Lipid Effects. Apolipoprotein Mimetics in the Management of Human Disease. 2015 Jan 1; 119-134. View in PubMed
  34. Robert L. Raffai. Apolipoprotein E and Atherosclerosis: Beyond Lipid Effects. . 2015 Jan 1; 119-134. View in PubMed
  35. Mattis AN, Song G, Hitchner K, Kim RY, Lee AY, Sharma AD, Malato Y, McManus MT, Esau CC, Koller E, Koliwad S, Lim LP, Maher JJ, Raffai RL, Willenbring H. A screen in mice uncovers repression of lipoprotein lipase by microRNA-29a as a mechanism for lipid distribution away from the liver. Hepatology. 2015 Jan; 61(1):141-52. View in PubMed
  36. Wang G, Kim RY, Imhof I, Honbo N, Luk FS, Li K, Kumar N, Zhu BQ, Eberlé D, Ching D, Karliner JS, Raffai RL. The immunosuppressant FTY720 prolongs survival in a mouse model of diet-induced coronary atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2014 Feb; 63(2):132-143. View in PubMed
  37. Gaudreault N, Kumar N, Olivas VR, Eberlé D, Stephens K, Raffai RL. Hyperglycemia impairs atherosclerosis regression in mice. Am J Pathol. 2013 Dec; 183(6):1981-1992. View in PubMed
  38. Lovett DH, Mahimkar R, Raffai RL, Cape L, Zhu BQ, Jin ZQ, Baker AJ, Karliner JS. N-terminal truncated intracellular matrix metalloproteinase-2 induces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, inflammation and systolic heart failure. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7):e68154. View in PubMed
  39. Eberlé D, Luk FS, Kim RY, Olivas VR, Kumar N, Posada JM, Li K, Gaudreault N, Rapp JH, Raffai RL. Inducible ApoE gene repair in hypomorphic ApoE mice deficient in the low-density lipoprotein receptor promotes atheroma stabilization with a human-like lipoprotein profile. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2013 Aug; 33(8):1759-67. View in PubMed
  40. Raffai RL. Apolipoprotein E regulation of myeloid cell plasticity in atherosclerosis. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2012 Oct; 23(5):471-8. View in PubMed
  41. Gaudreault N, Kumar N, Olivas VR, Eberlé D, Rapp JH, Raffai RL. Macrophage-specific apoE gene repair reduces diet-induced hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis in hypomorphic Apoe mice. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e35816. View in PubMed
  42. Lovett DH, Mahimkar R, Raffai RL, Cape L, Maklashina E, Cecchini G, Karliner JS. A novel intracellular isoform of matrix metalloproteinase-2 induced by oxidative stress activates innate immunity. PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e34177. View in PubMed
  43. Eberlé D, Kim RY, Luk FS, de Mochel NS, Gaudreault N, Olivas VR, Kumar N, Posada JM, Birkeland AC, Rapp JH, Raffai RL. Apolipoprotein E4 domain interaction accelerates diet-induced atherosclerosis in hypomorphic Arg-61 apoe mice. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012 May; 32(5):1116-23. View in PubMed
  44. Gaudreault N, Kumar N, Posada JM, Stephens KB, Reyes de Mochel NS, Eberlé D, Olivas VR, Kim RY, Harms MJ, Johnson S, Messina LM, Rapp JH, Raffai RL. ApoE suppresses atherosclerosis by reducing lipid accumulation in circulating monocytes and the expression of inflammatory molecules on monocytes and vascular endothelium. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012 Feb; 32(2):264-72. View in PubMed
  45. Tie G, Yan J, Yang Y, Park BD, Messina JA, Raffai RL, Nowicki PT, Messina LM. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein induces apoptosis in endothelial progenitor cells by inactivating the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway. J Vasc Res. 2010; 47(6):519-30. View in PubMed
  46. Tao R, Hoover HE, Honbo N, Kalinowski M, Alano CC, Karliner JS, Raffai R. High-density lipoprotein determines adult mouse cardiomyocyte fate after hypoxia-reoxygenation through lipoprotein-associated sphingosine 1-phosphate. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2010 Mar; 298(3):H1022-8. View in PubMed
  47. Zhang S, Picard MH, Vasile E, Zhu Y, Raffai RL, Weisgraber KH, Krieger M. Diet-induced occlusive coronary atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, cardiac dysfunction, and premature death in scavenger receptor class B type I-deficient, hypomorphic apolipoprotein ER61 mice. Circulation. 2005 Jun 28; 111(25):3457-64. View in PubMed
  48. Carpenter B, Lin Y, Stoll S, Raffai RL, McCuskey R, Wang R. VEGF is crucial for the hepatic vascular development required for lipoprotein uptake. Development. 2005 Jul; 132(14):3293-303. View in PubMed
  49. Raffai RL, Loeb SM, Weisgraber KH. Apolipoprotein E promotes the regression of atherosclerosis independently of lowering plasma cholesterol levels. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Feb; 25(2):436-41. View in PubMed
  50. Raffaï RL, McPherson R, Weisgraber KH, Innerarity TL, Rassart E, Bersot TP, Milne RW. Antibody phenotyping test for the human apolipoprotein E2 isoform. Clin Chem. 2003 Sep; 49(9):1524-6. View in PubMed
  51. Raffai RL, Weisgraber KH. Cholesterol: from heart attacks to Alzheimer's disease. J Lipid Res. 2003 Aug; 44(8):1423-30. View in PubMed
  52. Raffaï RL, Hasty AH, Wang Y, Mettler SE, Sanan DA, Linton MF, Fazio S, Weisgraber KH. Hepatocyte-derived ApoE is more effective than non-hepatocyte-derived ApoE in remnant lipoprotein clearance. J Biol Chem. 2003 Mar 28; 278(13):11670-5. View in PubMed
  53. R. Raffai, S. Loeb, K. Weisgraber. 3P-0878 A mouse model to study the role of ApoE in atherosclerosis regression and plaque vulnerability in peripheral arterial disease. . 2003 Jan 1; 4(2):254-255. View in PubMed
  54. R. Raffai, S. Loeb, K. Weisgraber. 3P-0878 A mouse model to study the role of ApoE in atherosclerosis regression and plaque vulnerability in peripheral arterial disease. Atherosclerosis Supplements. 2003 Jan 1; 4(2):254-255. View in PubMed
  55. Raffai RL, Weisgraber KH. Hypomorphic apolipoprotein E mice: a new model of conditional gene repair to examine apolipoprotein E-mediated metabolism. J Biol Chem. 2002 Mar 29; 277(13):11064-8. View in PubMed
  56. Raffaï RL. Periplasmic expression and purification of recombinant Fabs. Methods Mol Biol. 2002; 178:343-8. View in PubMed
  57. Raffai RL, Dong LM, Farese RV, Weisgraber KH. Introduction of human apolipoprotein E4 "domain interaction" into mouse apolipoprotein E. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Sep 25; 98(20):11587-91. View in PubMed
  58. Libeu CP, Lund-Katz S, Phillips MC, Wehrli S, Hernáiz MJ, Capila I, Linhardt RJ, Raffaï RL, Newhouse YM, Zhou F, Weisgraber KH. New insights into the heparan sulfate proteoglycan-binding activity of apolipoprotein E. J Biol Chem. 2001 Oct 19; 276(42):39138-44. View in PubMed
  59. Raffaï R, Weisgraber KH, MacKenzie R, Rupp B, Rassart E, Hirama T, Innerarity TL, Milne R. Binding of an antibody mimetic of the human low density lipoprotein receptor to apolipoprotein E is governed through electrostatic forces. Studies using site-directed mutagenesis and molecular modeling. J Biol Chem. 2000 Mar 10; 275(10):7109-16. View in PubMed
  60. Raffaï R, Vukmirica J, Weisgraber KH, Rassart E, Innerarity TL, Milne R. Bacterial expression and purification of the Fab fragment of a monoclonal antibody specific for the low-density lipoprotein receptor-binding site of human apolipoprotein E. Protein Expr Purif. 1999 Jun; 16(1):84-90. View in PubMed
  61. Trakhanov S, Parkin S, Raffaï R, Milne R, Newhouse YM, Weisgraber KH, Rupp B. Structure of a monoclonal 2E8 Fab antibody fragment specific for the low-density lipoprotein-receptor binding region of apolipoprotein E refined at 1.9 A. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 1999 Jan; 55(Pt 1):122-8. View in PubMed
  62. Raffai R, Maurice R, Weisgraber K, Innerarity T, Wang X, MacKenzie R, Hirama T, Watson D, Rassart E, Milne R. Molecular characterization of two monoclonal antibodies specific for the LDL receptor-binding site of human apolipoprotein E. J Lipid Res. 1995 Sep; 36(9):1905-18. View in PubMed
  63. R. Raffai¨, E. Rassart, K. Weisgraber, T. Innerarity, R. Milne. Determination of the fine specificity and molecular cloning of two monoclonal antibodies directed against the receptor-binding domain of human apolipoprotein E. . 1994 Sep 1; 109(1-2):264. View in PubMed
  64. R. Raffai¨, E. Rassart, K. Weisgraber, T. Innerarity, R. Milne. Determination of the fine specificity and molecular cloning of two monoclonal antibodies directed against the receptor-binding domain of human apolipoprotein E. Atherosclerosis. 1994 Sep 1; 109(1-2):264. View in PubMed
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