Theodore R. Schrock, M.D. served first as acting chair (1993-1997) and in 1997 became chair of the department. During his administration key recruitments included Louis Messina, Jeff Norton, Tim Chuter, William Welch, Bell Schecter as Chief of Surgery at SFGH, Diana Farmer, Peggy Albanese, Kim Kirkwood and Mark Welton.
1994: Laparoscopic surgery expanded under the leadership of Lawrence Way. Nissen fundoplication, colectomy, inguinal hernia repair, adrenalectomy, splenectomy and closure of perforated ulcers were done laparoscopically; creation of the UCSF videoscopic center; training courses continued, 240 surgeons trained in the past two years; consultation with bioengineering to develop virtual reality software and robotic devices that will overcome some of the technical limitations of present day instrumentation.
By the mid-1990s, women are seen more frequently among the ranks of UCSF surgeons. The department lagged behind the national average in the mid-1980s, but an influx of women occurred in the early 90s due to the merger with the Kaiser residency; the addition of several women from the "Core" resident pool; and increased matching of women interns. In 1991 three of the seven general surgery interns were women. By the late 1990s 53 percent of the resident class was female, and in 1999 Dr. Nancy Ascher became chair of the department.
1994: Brought a major expansion of The Center For The Study Of Gastrointestinal Motility And Secretion; the facility added diagnostic studies on electrogastrography, small bowel motility, and anorectal motility.
The Elsbach-Richards Endowed Chair for a Distinguished Professor of Surgery in basic science is filled by Schrock's recruit, William Welch.
1995: Robert Warren became head of Surgical Oncology
1995: UCSF vascular trainee Louis Messina was recruited as Professor and chair of the division of vascular surgery.
1997: During Schrock's administration, managed care tightened its grip on the academic medical center, prompting the merger between UCSF and Stanford which became a reality in 1997.
April, 1999: Dr. Schrock became Chief Medical Officer of UCSF/Stanford, and when the merger failed in autumn of 1999, he becameChief Medical Officer of UCSF, taking responsibility in a time of difficult transition.