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Department of Surgery »  Conditions & Procedures »  Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure

Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure

Related Conditions

 

3MP illustration

For more than 50 years, pectus excavatum has been corrected by major surgical reconstruction through the use of either the Nuss or Ravitch procedures. Both of these procedures require big operations and hospitalization for pain management.

In an effort to make the pectus excavatum operation better for patients and their families, we have developed a novel method to correct the pectus excavatum chest wall deformity. We call this new method the Magnetic Mini Mover (3MP) procedure.

The Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure (3MP) is a novel minimally invasive method of correcting pectus excavatum developed at UCSF Pediatric Surgery. With this method the deformed costal cartilages are gradually reformed by a controlled gradual outward "pull" on the depressed breastbone. This is achieved with an outpatient surgical procedure and without the need for painful implanted chest wall struts. Two magnets, one implanted inside the chest and attached to the sternum and the second one outside the chest wall and attached to an external brace, are used together to create a magnetic force field which applies a controlled sustained pull. 

The Magnetic Mini-Mover Trial Study is now open for screening and enrollment at 2 locations UCSF, Shriners of Sacramento, and Kansas CIty Children's. This trial is only for children ages 8 to 14 years. Please contact study personnel in your area if you are interested in participating in this trial.

UCSF:

Please contact Tamara Ryan RN or Jill Imamura-Ching RN at pectus@ucsfmedctr.org or 415-502-0172

Shriners of Sacramento:

Please contact Cassie Conover RN at cconover@shrinenet.org or 916-453-2135

Kansas City Children’s Mercy Hospital:

Please contact Dr. Corey Iqbal at ciqbal@cmh.edu or 816-234-3574

Advantages of the Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure

Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure (3MP)

Ravitch and Nuss Procedures

Minimally invasive outpatient operation, and the patient can go home that day. The Ravitch procedure is a large invasive operation perfomed through an incision on the front of the chest. The Nuss procedure is performed through two smaller incisions on the side of the chest. Both require a 3-7 day hospital stay for pain management.
Immediate return to normal activity after surgery with no physical activity restrictions. Physical activity is restricted for several weeks to months.
Minimal pain and discomfort during gradual correction Requires hospitalization for pain management immediately after surgery; pain and discomfort can last for weeks to months.
Chest wall appearance gradually changes until finally corrected. Quick alteration of chest wall appearance
Ability to "touch up" correction if needed later by reusing the external Magnatract device. Corrections require additional surgery.
Capacity to set the amount of "pull" by adjusting the magnet in the external Magnatract device. N/A
Monitor compliance in wearing the external Magnatract device with a built-in pressure recorder. N/A

How the magnets work

M3P brace 2012
Magnatract - external magnet brace

To achieve the gradual reformation of the chest wall, we use two magnets. The internal titanium-encased magnet, called the Magnimplant, is surgically attached to the sternum (breastbone) and can be felt under the skin. The second external magnet, called the Magnatract, is suspended in a lightweight external bracing device. The attraction between the two magnets creates a steady force pulling the depressed sternum outward.

The operation to implant the Magnimplant is a brief outpatient procedure and the child goes home the same day. Once the small incision is healed, the child begins wearing the outside brace containing the external magnet. The device is small and light enough to be worn comfortably under a t-shirt or normal school clothes. It is held in place by the force field between the two magnets. The external magnet allows individual adjustment in small increments of the distance (and, thus, force) applied to the sternum.

Goal of the procedure

The goal of the Magnetic Mini Mover procedure is to promote the rib cartilage to move to a more normal position by gradual correction of the chest wall over a period of months. This is the same principle used in moving teeth with orthodontic braces.

Where is the procedure offered?

This procedure is being offered in a multicenter clinical trial open to patients who are between 8–14 years of age. This procedure is not available outside of the trial at UCSF or the participating two study sites in Northern California and Kansas. If you would like to be considered for this clinical trial please contact the Pectus Trial Coordinator at: pectus@ucsfmedctr.org

Further Information

If you would like to read more on the Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure, you can download our article from the Journal of Pediatric Surgery:  Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure for pectus excavatum [pdf]. You can also contact our Pectus Trial Coordinator at pectus@ucsfmedctr.org

Magnetic Mini-Mover Study Trial in the News

  • CBS5 Magnet TherapyMagnet Therapy Corrects South Bay Boy's Birth Defect

    CBS5 - Apr 07, 2010
    Magnets have a brand new use. They are being tested in a new procedure to correct a rare birth defect , Pectus Excavatum, in a Los Gatos boy. Dr. Kim Mulvihill reports.

    Magnet Therapy (CBS5 News Video)

  • Pectus Illustration smallNovel magnet treatment used to correct sunken chest

    ABC7News.com - Nov 08, 2007
    UCSF has created a groundbreaking new procedure to treat chest deformities in children and teens. This minimally invasive procedure is already transforming one 14-year-old's life.

    View ABC News Highlights

    Read Full Story in San Francisco Chronicle

Magnetic Mini-Mover Study Trial

The multicenter clinical trial is open to new patients at UCSF. This procedure is not available outside of the trial at UCSF or the participating two study sites in Northern California. The status of the upcoming additional two sites in Northern California is coming. Please monitor our website as we will update it when the status of the additional two sites is open enrolling patients.

You can find more information on our Magnetic Mini-Mover Trial Study and Magnetic Mini-Mover Trial Study FAQ page. 

If you would like to be considered for the multicenter clinical trial please contact the Pectus Trial Coordinator at: pectus@ucsfmedctr.org

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